Causes And Ways To Hair Breakage & Split Ends

Hair Breakage & Split Ends. I believe we’ve all been there. Both of these are incredibly popular among females with hair of all lengths and textures. Our daily activities frequently harm our strands the most, even when we may not even be aware of it. This is why taking good care of your hair is crucial. Here are the precise causes of split ends and hair breakage.

We’re here to clarify the distinction between split ends and hair breakage, as well as their exact causes, treatment options, and prevention strategies.

Causes of Hair Breakage 

There are many reasons why your hair may break, but some hair breaks more easily. 

Physical And Chemical Damage

Physical harm to hair may also encompass immoderate use of warm tools, immoderate washing, or even unhealthy habits such as inappropriate towel drying, anxiety, or immoderate pulling. In phrases of chemical damage, this is likely due to the truth that remedy and hair dyeing have pushed hair to its limits. When the hair is overprocessed past its breaking point, the adhesive is without difficulty broken and turns extraordinarily dry.


Now not adequate moisture in the hair will make it brittle and convenient to break. This is one of the motives for keeping water stability between hair and scalp, which is the key to wholesome hair and everyday hair growth. Because naturally curly or textured hair is extra probable to sense dry than humans with straight, great hair, these kinds of hair are extra possible to be broken. But Fitzsimmons says skinny and sparse hair sorts ought to pay interest to immoderate entanglement and bifurcation, which can lead to fragile texture and in addition surrounding damage.

Excessive Brushing

Too much brushing of the hair can also break it. Perhaps people don’t need to brush their hair as frequently as they believe. Only brush hair as much as is necessary to style it, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Notably, it is a myth that one should brush one’s hair with 100 strokes.

Drying A Towel

Wet hair can become damaged, frizz up more, and break if it is rubbed with a towel. In comparison to dry hair, wet hair is more brittle. Try letting the hair dry naturally in the air or wrapping it in a towel to absorb the moisture rather than rubbing it.

Not Getting Haircuts Frequently

Split ends can happen as a result of infrequent haircuts. The hair is more likely to break higher up, closer to the hair shaft, as a result of these damaged ends. Even when someone is growing out their hair, getting frequent haircuts may keep hair strong and healthy. A hairdresser may also address any present problems customers might be having and offer advice on how to maintain healthy hair.


Telogen effluvium and hair damage can both be brought on by extreme stress. When the hair roots enter the resting phase of their development cycle earlier than expected due to a significant shock or stress, the hair might separate from the scalp. Most people discover that their hair grows back after tension has subsided. People should visit their doctor to rule out any underlying conditions if they notice unusually large volumes of hair falling out.

a woman with beautiful hair
causes and how to hair breakage & split ends

Tight Hairstyles

Hair breakage can occur if people often tie their hair back in tight hairstyles or use elastic bands to hold their hair up. Tight hairstyles have the potential to damage or stretch the hair at the root. Regularly wearing one’s hair in tight fashions like cornrows, buns, or braids can cause traction alopecia, a kind of hair loss. Even though the hair can regrow after this temporary hair loss, if it persists, it could become permanent. Additionally, elastic ties can strain on hair tightly and raise the chance of breaking. To ease pressure on the hair, people can switch to covered hair ties and wear their hair in a variety of loose styles.

Styling Instruments That Generate Heat

Your scales may break and disintegrate if you expose your hair to very high temperatures. Don’t use these tools too frequently. Allow your hair to air out. A heat protectant purchase can also stop these tools from harming your hair.

Tying Your Hair Up Too Frequently

Regularly tying your hair up can make it tangle and break easily in addition to simply pulling it out from the roots. For your daily routine, leaving it loosely tied is the best course of action.


It’s true what you just read! Tossing and turning while you sleep causes friction between your hair and the pillow, which damages your hair. Using a satin or silk pillowcase is the answer to hair care while you’re enjoying your beauty rest; the soft surface will cause less friction and breakage. To prevent tangles, tie your hair loosely before going to bed.

How To Repair Hair Breakage 

Maintain A Good Hair Care Schedule

Regularly massaging your scalp with essential oil will help your follicles receive more blood flow. Your hair follicles will get stronger as a result, and breakage will be reduced.

Shampoos assist in washing the scalp, which is essential to remove extra oil. It is advised to use it at least twice or three times a week. Use a conditioner after washing your hair, as they nourish your hair and keep it silky and manageable. After washing, let your hair naturally air dry.

Condition Your Hair Deeply

Protein and nutrients are given to your hair during deep conditioning. It aids in repairing damaged hair by fortifying your hair and allowing nutrients to go deeply into the shaft.

Your hair will become softer and breakage-free if you regularly deep condition it. You can either purchase a ready-made deep conditioner developed especially for your hair type or attempt one of these DIY solutions:

Coconut Nut Oil

The secret to keeping your hair hydrated is coconut oil. It contains the antifungal compound lauric acid. Dandruff and other symptoms of a scalp infection can be lessened by it. In turn, this lessens the amount of harm.

Castor Oil

Ricinoleic acid, which is present in castor oil, aids in boosting the scalp’s blood flow. Your hair follicles need blood flow in order to be active.

Omelet Mask

A plentiful source of protein that can offer hair strength is eggs. If applied frequently, eggs can prevent hair curling and lessen hair damage. They also have anti-inflammatory qualities and antioxidant content that assist lessen the damage.

Fruit Vinegar

To repair damaged hair, use apple cider vinegar. It possesses the properties of pH balance required to maintain the health of the scalp.

Additionally, apple cider vinegar has antifungal components that can aid with dandruff-related symptoms like dryness and exfoliation.

Overall, it keeps your hair flexible and soft.

Use Less Hot Air

Regular blow-drying and ironing can cause damage to the hair. Whenever possible, try to use tools that do not heat up, such as flexible sticks or curls. If you must use heat, be sure to apply a thermal protectant and then use the tool in a low-calorie environment.

Use A Pre-washed Moisturizer

On the day of shampoo, soak your hair with a rich conditioner and let it stand for about 10 minutes, then shampoo to give your hair extra moisture.

Use Shampoo Correctly

The key is not only to use a sulfate-free shampoo, but also shampoo that does not contain irritant detergents that dry your hair, and where to use it is also important. When you need shampoo, shampoo should only be applied to the scalp, not dry hair.
Although there may be extra products accumulating in your hair, most of them will be on your scalp. The detergent left on the hair during shampoo is enough to break down any dirt and product residue on the hair. In general, finding a shampoo with a moisturizer that suits your hair type is the key to helping protect dry hair and clean the scalp.

Use A Banana Hair Mask

Bananas are rich in potassium, protein, and fat, which nourish and strengthen your hair, thus helping to prevent it from breaking.
Mash two ripe bananas and add olive oil and honey.
Apply the mask to your hair and wash off for 15 minutes.
For glossy, thick hair, repeat once a week.

Put On An Egg Mask

Egg whites are a great source of strong hair protein. Add eggs to your hair to add softness and health. In addition, eggs have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that help control scalp inflammation and hair damage.
Whisk egg whites with 2 tablespoons olive oil, 1 cup milk, and a few drops of lemon juice.
Apply the mixture to the scalp and hair and leave to rest for 30 minutes.
Then wash your hair with a mild shampoo.
Alternatively, whisk an egg and apply it to your hair.
Rinse with cold water after 15 minutes.
Repeat 2-3 times a month.

Improve Your Hair Care Habits

It is recommended to massage the scalp every day, and it is best to use essential oil to promote the blood circulation of hair follicles. Doing so can improve the nutrition and oxygen supply of the scalp, thereby strengthening the hair.

You should also clean your hair and scalp with mild shampoo 2-3 times a week to prevent dirt and grease from accumulating on your scalp.

Brushing Your Hair When Wet

Hair is more elastic when it’s wet, making it a serious cause of hair breakage. Brushes like WetBrush or Tangle Teezer help alleviate most breakage, but for the least amount of hair fall, let your hair dry 50-70% after washing! 

Wash Your Hair Properly

Using a sulfate-free shampoo is critical because it does not contain irritating peeling cleansers, which can dry hair, and where to use it is equally important. When you need it, shampoo can only be used on the scalp, not on dry hair. Although there may be excess product accumulation on your hair, most of it will be on the scalp. The detergent left on the hair during cleaning is enough to decompose the dirt and product residues in the rest of the hair. In general, finding a moisturizing shampoo that suits your hair type is the key to helping protect dry hair and clean the scalp.

a woman is concerned about her hair
a woman having hair problems

Causes of Split Ends

“Split Ends” refers to hair dry split or wear, the most common effect on long hair. This happens when the outermost stratum corneum of the dry hair is damaged, exposing the cortex of the hair. This damage can lead to broken hair, dry hair, dead hair, and, of course, bifurcations. 


Hair can become damaged if heat-setting products like hair straighteners, dryers, curling irons, and hot rollers are used frequently. These instruments’ heat-generating mechanisms dry up the hair, which makes it more brittle and prone to splitting.

Chemical Processing

Your hair is harmed by chemical straightening, perms, bleaching, and coloring. These procedures can weaken and harm the hair, making it brittle and prone to splitting.


Friction frequently results in cracking at both ends. Your hair may become harmed by certain materials and fabrics.Friction from hats, scarves, cotton pillowcases, and thick towels can split hair and damage it.

Making Your Ponytails With Rubber Bands

How can a hair elastic be cleaned of split ends? When you undo a ponytail, have you ever noticed how many strands can be pulled out using a rubber band? You’re probably doing more damage to your strands than good if you’re not using the right hair ties, headbands, or accessories.

Physical Injury

After the hair is wet, it can stretch to 30% naturally without damaging the hair. However, if the stretch exceeds 30%, it will lead to irreversible damage and hair fracture. When the hair is wet, too much grooming can lead to extra stretching, which can cause the hair to break. Combing your hair when dry can also lead to bifurcations. This is the result of repeated friction of the hair stem, resulting in damage to the stratum corneum. When this layer is damaged, the small scaly cells in the stratum corneum are worn out, leading to bifurcations.

Genetic Factors

In addition to exterior and dietary elements that may also lead to bifurcation development, there are additionally inner or genetic elements that can also lead to bifurcation.

Gnarled Caterpillars

Nodular hair is an inherited autosomal dominant hair stem disease in which thickening or weakening of the hair stem (nodules) motives hair to come to be vulnerable and inclined to breakage. It is the most frequent genetic defect in hair, however can additionally manifest in humans with ordinary hair that has been uncovered to ample damage. This situation is additionally described as “bamboo hair”.

Nodular hair makes the hair greater susceptible to harm and breakage due to susceptible hyperlinks alongside the strand. Common triggers, such as warmth and chemical treatments, as nicely as immoderate grooming, can motive damage. This can be decided by way of the place the bifurcation ends occur. Because susceptible nodes are scattered at some point of the hair stem, there can also be break up or worn ends in the center of the hair stem as an alternative than the tip of the hair stem.

Hair Thiodystrophy

Hair thiodystrophy is every other instance of a genetic disease that can purpose enlarge in the wide variety of cut-up ends. It is an uncommon autosomal recessive genetic disorder that manifests in many physique structures and tissues. However, the sickness regularly influences the hair. Hair sulfur dystrophy is characterized by sulphur deficiency, fragility, and fragility of the hair. Sulfur is one of the foremost elements in keeping hair power and integrity. When the sulfur content material of hair is abnormally low, it will no longer be sufficient to stand up to day-by-day hair trauma, such as brushing the head. This circumstance frequently outcomes in short, skinny hair. 

Use Wrong Hair Care Product

Many hair care products are rich in desiccant and alcohol. They will remove moisture from your hair and cause damage. The pH of shampoo may affect hair loss, according to a study. Some alkaline shampoos will bring the negative charge to the hair. This can cause friction, which can lead to more hair breaks.


Although most of us are aware of how detrimental bleaching is, it appears that bleaching will by no means go out of date. Maybe this is the first time you have tried to be blonde, however for human beings with darkish hair, it takes a long time and a lot of bleaching to get the ideal platinum tone. Or you are bleaching your hair so that you can add some other coloration to your hair, such as blue, purple, pink, or even silver-gray. All of these colors want to be bleached to exhibit the purest tones. Unfortunately, this method is very hard for your hair.

Bleaching definitely eliminates your herbal pigments via penetrating the stratum corneum with chemicals. It can no longer solely eliminate the coloration of hair, however, additionally alternate the shape of the hair. This is why many humans who pick platinum hair have soft, dry, and fragile hair that sooner or later will become bifurcated. Bleaching would not healthy the nature of your hair. Basically, your hair does not desire to exchange its color, however, you are struggling with its herbal tone and texture to get the appearance you want. Although there are more healthy approaches to bleaching your hair, for example, seeking for assist from a hairstylist as an alternative to doing it at home there is no way to keep away from the harm triggered via bleaching. 


Chemical straightening or chemical curling are two ways to alter the texture of your natural hair type which is referred to as perming. On naturally curly or coarse hair, a straightening perm is frequently applied in an effort to produce a flatter texture. In the meanwhile, curl perming is frequently used to try to give flat or wavy hair a more voluminous curly texture.

Your hair’s internal links are broken by perms, and they restructure them back together differently than how they would naturally lay. One of the most harmful chemical treatments you can subject your hair to is a perm, which frequently results in split ends and hair breakage.

How To Repair Split Ends

Self-made Avocado Nourishing Protein Mask

How do you mend split ends? Prevention. Split ends may be avoided by using a nutrient-rich hair mask that coats strands with all they require to be healthy. And although you might have to miss the handmade guacamole for just one night, we promise that your hair will appreciate it. One avocado, one egg, and a few droplets of olive oil make up Saman’s concoction. Fatty acids and the vitamins E and K found in the trio work together to soften, moisturize, mend, and shield the hair and its follicles. (This earns extra points because it’s so simple to create.)

Mash the avocado first, then combine it with the egg. When the consistency is “a touch thicker than store-bought conditioner,” add olive oil. Says Saman. Apply it to the hair, paying special attention to the ends, and keep it in for 10 to 20 minutes. Then, thoroughly rinse with warm water.

Avoid Over-shampooing And Brushing

Although basic hair care includes brushing and shampoo, overuse can aggravate the damage that leads to split ends. 

Studies have shown that structural changes in hair fibers are the result of brushes, shampoos, and other types of grooming, especially when the hair is wet. Moreover, colored and permed hair is more vulnerable to this kind of damage. 

Avoid over-combing and washing your hair too often (our experts recommend washing your hair once or three times a week depending on your hair and skin type) to prevent hair from splitting.

Be Kind To Your Hair

When combing or styling your hair, Wizemann advises “not yanking or pulling strands.” Working in small pieces, begin at the ends and work your way up the hair. Never pull or break hair with a rubber band or a metal hair item. Instead, look for accessories covered with cloth or manufactured of it. When possible, stay away from tight ponytails or braids.

Doze Off On Silk

Using a silk hair cap or sleeping on a silk pillowcase can help lessen friction, which causes hair breakage and loss of smoothness. Your hair will seem healthy, lustrous, and damage-free for a longer period of time when wearing satin.

Accept Braids, Top-Knots, And Hair Tucks

If you really want to avoid the hair salon and don’t want to spend time on the hair mask, cut off the bifurcated ends with a clever hairstyle. 

Hair tips can be hidden in almost any form of bun or bun. 

Or, choose some interesting accessories, such as scarves, hairpins and hats. 

Another unconventional but popular way to hide split ends is “curly”, where you can tuck the bottom of your hair into the neckline of a shirt or jacket. 

This works best with a high-necked blouse (such as a high-necked sweater) or a coat with a strong, clear collar, which actually helps to keep the hair in position. 

However, if you have textured hair, be careful, as natural hair can be very delicate and curly it can cause breakage.

Think Twice Before Towel-drying Your Hair

Your hair is actually most fragile as it is drying, so how you treat it after a shower will significantly affect how many split ends you experience.

In addition, resist the need to do this before work even though it’s tempting:

The last thing you want is for those splits to move upwards, and Sam warns that rubbing your hair dry with a towel would only encourage additional breakage.

Instead, exert pressure by using a towel to gently squeeze the extra water out of the hair. There is a fantastic quick-drying variety from Aquis.

Re-evaluate Your Hair Dryer Skills 

We all have the sin of using a hair dryer to wet our hair, especially in winter, but if you really want to prevent your hair from bifurcating, it’s really good to let your hair dry as naturally as possible before using a hair dryer. Wherever you are, 60%, 90% dryness is ideal, because the longer you expose your hair to high temperatures, the greater the damage is likely to be, Sam says. 

Is it better? Completely missed the ending. 

Sam continued: “buy a high-quality heat protector (we like Bumble and Bumble hairdresser’s protective primer, GB 24) and avoid heating the heat directly to the ends of the hair.” 

“focus more on the root and middle-let the end dry under reheating and keep the nozzle moving all the time to achieve a uniform distribution of heat. 

At the same time, try to dry in a cold wind environment. “

Turn Down The Heat

High temperatures can cause great damage to your hair, especially if you don’t take proper precautions. “Before using a styling stick, dry the hair completely because the moisture in the hair will be heated and expanded, causing extra damage,” Alar said. ” Apply heat-proof or heat-proof styling products to your hair before using heat tools. 

It will apply heat-resistant polymers and other ingredients to the hair to form a barrier to protect the hair, thereby reducing damage. 

Dry your hair if you can-your forked ends will thank you. If not, try the Dyson supersonic hairdryer, which has a maximum heat of about 10 degrees Fahrenheit lower than the average temperature of the 18 hair dryers we tested in the beauty lab in 2016, which means it may do less damage to hair than a regular hairdryer. When you use any hot tool, set it to the lowest possible thermal setting to reduce damage.

Often In Deep Condition

One of the best things you can do to help eliminate split ends is to condition your hair. Your hair requires more water than ever if you have split ends. Wet hair is coated with conditioners to make it simpler to untangle, which can cause less damage and make the hair smoother and more manageable, according to Aral.


The article talked about the causes of hair breakage and split ends and how to repair them. It’s common to see hair breakage and split ends. However, we need to take them seriously.

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